국제/보도자료

보다 정의롭고 모두가 행복한 미래사회를 위해 달리는 경실련의 최근 이야기를 한자리에 모았습니다.
[국제/보도자료] [탄원] 핵무기 금지 조약 발효를 위한 UN 결의안 제1호 75주년 기념 RLA 수상자 등 공동성명
2021.01.22
4,965

 

지속 가능한 미래를 보장하기 위해 핵무기를 폐기하라

경실련 등 RLA 수상단체 및 수상자 공동 핵무기 철폐  UN 탄원서 발표

 

지속 가능한 미래를 보장하기 위해 세계 미래 협의회 (World Future Council, WFC) 회원들과 대안 노벨상 (바른생활상: Right Livelihood Awards, RLA) 수상자들은 핵무기 폐기를 촉구했습니다. 1월 19일 발표 된 공동성명에서 58명의 WFC 회원들과 RLA 수상자들은 지속 가능한 미래를 보장하기 위해 정부가 핵 위험 감소 및 군축에 대한 조치를 취할 것을 촉구하였습니다.

해당 탄원서는, 1월 20일 조셉 바이든 미국 대통령의 취임식과 1월 22일 핵무기 금지 조약의 발효를 위한 UN 제 1호 결의안의 75 주년에 맞춰 발표됐습니다. 지난 1946년 1월 24일에 채택 된 UN 총회 결의안 제1호에서 “핵무기 및 기타 대량 살상 무기 제거”라는 전 지구적인 목표를 설정한 바 있습니다.

“183개 당사국들이 참여한 ‘생물 및 독소 무기 협약 (1972)’에서 생물학무기를 폐지했으며, 193개 당사국들이 참여한 ‘화학 무기 협약 (1993)’에서 화학무기를 폐지하였습니다. 이제, 우리는 3등급 대량 살상 무기인 핵무기를 폐지 할 때입니다.”—Paul Walker (미국) 군축운동연합 부의장 / RLA 2013년 수상자

“9개의 핵무장 국가들이 보유한 14,000개의 핵무기는 인류와 미래 세대에 실존적 위협이됩니다. 핵무기는 전염병을 해결하거나, 기후변화를 안정시키고 지속가능발전 목표를 달성하는 데  필요한 재정과 인적 자원을 소비하는 데 쓸모가 없으며, 무력 사용이나 위협 없이 평화적 방법으로 UN 회원국들의 분쟁을 해결할 것을 명시하는 UN헌장에 위배되는 것입니다.”—Maria Fernanda Espinosa, WFC 회원 / 제73차 UN총회 의장

“비핵 국가는 핵무기금지조약 협상을 통해 중요한 조치를 취해 왔습니다. 우리 뉴질랜드에서는 영토, 항공, 해상에서 핵무기의 이동을 전면 금지시켜 왔고, 핵무기 산업에 대한 공공투자를 중단시켜 왔으며, 그리고 국가적 차원에서 군축 기조 수립하는 등 핵무기금지조약을 비준하기 위해 우리 뉴질랜드는 효과적인 조치들을 이행해왔습니다.”—Alyn Ware (뉴질랜드) WFC 평화군축운동 국장 / RLA 2009년 수상자

“우리 세대는 이전 세대의 지도력을 바탕으로, 지구를 위협하는 핵무기를 모두 제거 할 의무가 있습니다. 이 의무는, 관습적으로 국제법상 핵무기의 위협이나 사용을 금지하고 완전한 철폐가 요구되기 때문에, 모든 국가에 적용됩니다. 이는, 1996년 국제사법재판소와 2018년 UN 인권위원회에 의해 공표된 것입니다.”—Neshan Gunasekera, WFC 회원 / 핵무기 반대를 위한 국제 변호사 협회 이사

“트럼프는 떠났고, 이제 민주당 하원과 상원 의원들은 우리로 하여금 핵전쟁의 위험을 줄이는 데 있어서, 트럼프 전 대통령은 말할 것도 없고, 오바마 행정부를 초월하여, 조 바이든 대통령에게 압력을 가할 것을 요구합니다. 미국과 다른 핵무장 국가들은, 즉각 핵전쟁을 억제하기 위해 선제타격을 금지하거나 발사경보 체계를 구축하겠다고 약속하는 한편, 지상의 ICBM을 모두 제거하고 핵 비축량을 “최후의 심판일” 때의 능력보다 훨씬 아래로 줄이기위한 조치를 취하고 시작해야합니다. 가능한 한 빠른시일 내 이를 달성하기 위해 전 세계적인 금지 조치와 핵무기의 완전히 철폐하도록 하는 협상이 긴요합니다.”—Daniel Ellsberg, 전 미국방부 핵전쟁 기획 고문 (펜타곤 보고서 부분 공개한 공로로 RLA 수상)

“핵무기의 위협은 인류 위에 얇은 실로 매달린 다모클레스의 칼(언제 닥칠지 모를 위험)과 같습니다. 언제든지 실이 끊어지면, 인류 전체가 위험에 빠질 수 있습니다. 우리가 기후 위기, 전례없는 생물 다양성 손실, 코로나19 대유행 속에서 배운 것이 있다면, 핵무기를 포함한 군국주의는 현재와 미래에 주요한 인간안보 문제를 해결하는 데 전혀 쓸모가 없다는 것입니다.”—Kehkashan Basu, 초록희망재단 (Green Hope Foundation) 설립자 / WFC 회원, 국제 아동평화상 2016년 수상자

아울러, 해당 탄원서는 1월 25일에 예정된 UN 결의안 제 1호 75 주년 기념식 행사(http://www.abolition2000.org/event/the-united-nations-and-nuclear-disarmament-commemoration-of-the-75th-anniversary-of-un-resolution-1-1/)에서 UN 회원국들에 아래와 같이 발표 될 예정입니다.

 


 

Joint statement by World Future Council members and Right Livelihood Laureates on the occasions of the Entry-into-Force of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and the 75th anniversary of UN Resolution 1 (1)

 

We, Right Livelihood Laureates and members of the World Future Council, express deep concern about the existential threat to humanity and the planet from the 14,000 nuclear weapons possessed by nine nuclear-armed States, many of them poised for use at a moment’s notice by decision of unstable leaders or through use by accident, miscalculation or crisis escalation.

 

The production, deployment, testing, use and threat to use nuclear weapons violate the Right to Life and other international law, threaten current and future generations, provoke international conflicts and consume resources required to address the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change, and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

The very first resolution of the United Nations General Assembly, UN Res 1 (1) which was adopted by consensus on January 24, 1946, established the UN goal of the elimination of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. It is time to fulfil that goal.

On January 22, 2021, the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) will enter into force making it illegal for States Parties to develop, test, produce, manufacture, acquire, possess, deploy, use or threaten to use nuclear weapons or to assist or encourage such acts. The treaty is an important measure by the 51 non-nuclear countries who have ratified, and others who may subsequently join, to advance the abolition of nuclear weapons through national nuclear prohibition measures and international promotion.

We encourage all ratifying states to adopt comprehensive implementing measures, to include the prohibition of the threat, use, production, testing, transit and financing of nuclear weapons within their territorial jurisdiction. In particular, the prohibition of nuclear weapons transit and financing, including public investments in the nuclear weapons industry, would impact considerably on the nuclear arms race and on the policies and practices of the nuclear-armed states.

In addition, we encourage the ratifying states to establish ministerial positions, public advisory committees and disarmament education funds to facilitate public education and effective policy to further advance the objective of a nuclear-weapon-free world, as has already been done, for example, in New Zealand.

The nuclear armed and allied states have said that they will not join the Treaty. As such, they will not be bound by it. However, they cannot escape their individual and collective obligations to achieve nuclear disarmament. They agreed to this in UNGA Resolution 1 (1). Most of them also agreed to this in joining the Non-Proliferation Treaty, Article VI of which requires them to achieve nuclear disarmament. In addition, they are bound by customary international law prohibiting the threat or use of nuclear weapons as affirmed by the International Court of Justice in 1996 and the UN Human Rights Committee in 2018.

The Entry-into-Force of the TPNW on January 22, and the 75th anniversary of UNGA Resolution 1 (1) on January 24, 2021, provide opportune occasions for non-nuclear governments and civil society to remind the nuclear armed and allied states of the illegality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons and of their nuclear disarmament obligations, and call on them to implement these immediately.

The nuclear armed and allied states claim that they require nuclear deterrence for their security. However, they have a legal obligation under the UN Charter (Article 2) to achieve security without reliance on the threat or use of force in their international relations. In addition, the UN and many regional bodies and treaty organisations, provide mechanisms for achieving security and resolving conflicts through common security approaches including diplomacy, negotiation, mediation, arbitration and adjudication – instead of through militarism and war.

And, if we have learned anything from the climate crisis, unprecedented biodiversity loss and the COVID-19 pandemic, it is that militarism and weapons, including nuclear weapons, are useless in addressing the key human security issues of today and tomorrow.

The 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC), with 183 States Parties, has abolished biological weapons, and the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), with 193 States Parties, has abolished chemical weapons.  It is now time to abolish the third class of weapons of mass destruction, nuclear weapons.

Measures the nuclear-armed and allied states should take include;

  1. Affirm that nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought, stand down their nuclear forces and affirm policies never to initiate a nuclear war;
  2. Replace nuclear deterrence with security frameworks based on human security and common security, including acceptance of the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice for international disputes not resolved by other means;
  3. Collectively join the TPNW, or alternatively start negotiations in a series of Summits or in a UN negotiating forum on the elimination of nuclear weapons under strict and effective international verification and enforcement;
  4. Cut nuclear weapons budgets, end investments in the nuclear weapons industry, and redirect these investments and budgets to support the United Nations, COVID-19 management and recovery, drastic reductions in carbon emissions to protect the climate, achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, and public education for disarmament and the peaceful resolution of conflict; and
  5. Commit to achieving the complete, global elimination of nuclear weapons no later than 2045, the 100th anniversary of the United Nations.

In this way, humanity can abolish nuclear weapons and help assure a sustainable future.

 

Endorsed by:

  1. Ales Bialiatski, Belarus, Right Livelihood Laureate 2020
  2. Alexander Likhotal, Russia, Member, World Future Council
  3. Alexandra Wandel, Germany, Chair Management Board, World Future Council
  4. Alice Tepper Marlin, United States of America, Right Livelihood Laureate 1990
  5. Alyn Ware, New Zealand, Right Livelihood Laureate 2009
  6. Anda Filip, Romania, Member, World Future Council
  7. Anders Wijkman, Sweden, Member, World Future Council
  8. András Biró, Hungary, Right Livelihood Laureate 1995
  9. Andrea Reimer, Canada, Member, World Future Council
  10. Angelina Davydova, Russia, Member, World Future Council
  11. Angie Zelter for Trident Ploughshares, United Kingdom, Right Livelihood Laureate 2001
  12. Anwar Fazal, Malaysia, Right Livelihood Laureate 1982
  13. Ashok Khosla, India, Member, World Future Council
  14. Cherie Nursalim, Indonesia, Member, World Future Council
  15. Chico Whitaker, Brazil, Right Livelihood Laureate 2006
  16. Citizens’ Coalition for Economic Justice (CCEJ), South Korea, Right Livelihood Laureate 2003
  17. Fernando Rendón, for  Festival Internacional de Poesia de Medellin, Colombia, Right Livelihood Laureate 2006
  18. Dan Ellsberg, United States of America, Right Livelihood Laureate 2006
  19. Dipal Barua, for Grameen Shakti, Bangladesh, Right Livelihood Laureate 2007, Member, World Future Council
  20. Frances Moore Lappé, United States, Right Livelihood Laureate 1987, Member, World Future Council
  21. Gino Strada, Italy, Right Livelihood Laureate 2015
  22. Hafsat Abiola, Nigeria, Member, World Future Council
  23. Hans Herren, Switzerland, Right Livelihood Laureate 2013, Member, World Future Council
  24. Hanumappa R. Sudarshan,India, Right Livelihood Laureate 1994
  25. Helen Mack, Guatemala. Right Livelihood Laureate 1992
  26. Helmy Abouleish, Egypt, Right Livelihood Laureate 2003, Member, World Future Council
  27. Herbie Girardet, UK, Honorary Member, World Future Council
  28. Hunter Lovins, USA, Right Livelihood Laureate 1983
  29. Ida Kuklina for Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers of Russia, Russia, Right Livelihood Laureate 1996
  30. Jacqueline Moudeina, Chad, Right Livelihood Laureate 2011
  31. Jakob von Uexküll, Founder of the Right Livelihood Award and the World Future Council
  32. Jan L McAlpine, USA, Member, World Future Council
  33. Jean Ann Bellini for Comissão Pastoral da Terra, Brazil, Right Livelihood Laureate 1991
  34. Juan E. Garcés, Spain, RLA 1999
  35. Julia Marton-Lefèvre, Hungary, Member, World Future Council
  36. Kehkashan Basu, Canada, Member, World Future Council
  37. Khadija Ismayilova, Azerbaijan, Right Livelihood Laureate 2017
  38. Mageswari Sangaralingam for SAM Sarawak, Malyasia, Right Livelihood Laureate 1988
  39. Maria Fernanda Espinosa, Ecuador, Member, World Future Council
  40. Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger, Canada, UK, Switzerland, Member, World Future Council
  41. Martín von Hildebrand for COAMA, Colombia, Right Livelihood Laureate 1999
  42. Maude Barlow, Canada, Right Livelihood Laureate 2005, Member, World Future Council
  43. Neshan Gunasekera, Sri Lanka, Member, World Future Council
  44. Nnimmo Bassey, Nigeria, Right Livelihood Laureate 2010
  45. Ole von Uexküll, Executive Director, Right Livelihood Foundation
  46. Paul Walker, United States of America, Right Livelihood Laureate 2013
  47. Raul Montenegro, Argentina, Right Livelihood Laureate 2004
  48. P K Ravindran for Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishat (KSSP), India, Right Livelihood Laureate 1996
  49. Sam Perlo-Freeman, for the Campaign Against the Arms Trade, Right Livelihood Laureate 2012
  50. Shrikrishna Upadhyay, Nepal, Right Livelihood Laureate 2010
  51. Sima Samar, Afghanistan, Right Livelihood Laureate 2012
  52. Sulak Sivaraksa, Thailand, Right Livelihood Laureate 1995
  53. Tony Colman, UK, Member, World Future Council
  54. Tony Rinaudo, Australia, Right Livelihood Laureate 2018
  55. Theo van Boven, the Netherlands, Right Livelihood Laureate 1985
  56. Walden Bello, the Philippines, Right Livelihood Laureate 2003
  57. Wes Jackson,  United States of America, Right Livelihood Laureate 2000
  58. Yetnebersh Nigussie, Ethiopia, Right Livelihood Laureate 2017

 

*원문: https://www.rightlivelihoodaward.org/media/petition-abolish-nuclear-weapons-to-assure-a-sustainable-future/

경실련은 지난 2003년 국내에서는 유일하게 대안 노벨상을 수상하였고 RLA 수상자들과 함께 전세계 핵군축캠페인을 전개해 왔습니다. 회원님들의 많은 관심과 성원 부탁드립니다.

문의: 국제팀 02-766-5623